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Acculturation and Language Orientations of Turkish Immigrants in Australia, France, Germany, and the Netherlands

Reference
First Author: 
Yagmur
Yagmur, K., & van de Vijver, F. J. R.
Year: 
2012
Volume: 
43
Number: 
7
1110
Last Page: 
1130
acculturation orientations, identity, integration policy, self-identification,Turkish immigrants
Ancillaries: 

None

Measure
Measure Name: 
Multicultural Ideology Scale, Ethnic and Mainstream Identification Scale,Ethnic and Mainstream Identity Scale,Ethnic and Mainstream Behavior Scale, Islamic Beliefs Scale, Ethnic and Mainstream Social Network Scale, Ethnic and Mainstream Cultural Norms Scale, Language Use, Choice and Preference Scale, Attitudes to Turkish Language Scale
Measure Description: 
Assess attitudes toward linguistic and cultural diversity among immigrants.
Construct Name: 
Acculturation and Identity
Number of items: 
212
Response Scale: 
Various 5-point scales, mainly strongly agree--strongly disagree (details below)
AttachmentSize
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Multicultural Ideology Scale (10 questions) - assess attitudes toward linguistic and cultural diversity

Example: <nation> people should recognize that the <nation> society consists of groups with different cultural backgrounds.

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "strongly agree" and "strongly disagree"

Ethnic and Mainstream Identification Scale (21 questions) - assess feeling of having ethnic and mainstream identity 

I feel Turkish because I speak Turkish, (I am a Muslim, etc.)

I feel <nation> because I speak English (I know <nation> mentality, etc.)

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "strongly agree" and "strongly disagree"

Ethnic and Mainstream Identity Scale (17 questions) - assess orientation to Turkish and mainstream identity 

I am proud that I am a Turk

I am happy that I am <Australian>

All in all, do you feel more Turkish or more <Australian>

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "only Turkish" and "only <Australian>"

Ethnic and Mainstream Behavior Scale (22 items) - assess (a) attitudes toward ethnic and mainstream cultures; (b) affiliation with respec-
tive cultural groups; and (c) preferences with regard to food, music, activities, and media 

I live in accordance with Turkish cultural norms and values

I live in accordance with <Australian> cultural norms and values

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "strongly agree" and "strongly disagree"

Islamic Beliefs Scale (18 items) - assess the extent of religious identification 

I am a Muslim

I know Islamic rules very well

I fast during Ramadan 

Ethnic and Mainstream Social Network Scale (23 items) - assess the structure of social networks of the informants

There are many Turks in the suburb I live

When I have personal problems, I share it with my Turkish friends

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "strongly agree" and "strongly disagree"

Ethnic and Mainstream Cultural Norms Scale (19 items) - Assess the attitudes of the informants regarding (a) Turkish/Mainstream norms and values, (b) vitality of respective groups, (c) degree of institutional support for cultural maintenance, and (d) degree of exclusion experienced in the mainstream community. 

The Turks in <Australia> can act together as a group

<Australian>people usually think negatively about the Turks

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "strongly agree" and "strongly disagree"

Language Use, Choice and Preference Scale (50 items, 5 subsections)

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "always <English>" and "always Turkish"

Attitudes to Turkish Language Scale (20 items)

How important is Turkish to find a job?

How important is Turkish to rear children?

Response scale: 5-point scale anchored by "not important" and "very important"

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